Washington—The United States on Tuesday recorded its one-millionth coronavirus case as countries including Spain, Russia, and Nigeria took tentative steps back towards normal life by preparing to reopen some businesses.
Excitement over partial easing of the lockdowns affecting more than half of humanity has been tempered by fear of new outbreaks and growing evidence of the economic devastation wreaked by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The US—where millions of jobs have gone—reached another grim milestone as it registered 58,351 deaths, a larger loss of life than recorded by the US military in the Vietnam War.
The overall US caseload rose to 1,011,877 in a public health disaster that could threaten President Donald Trump’s re-election chances.
Excitement over moves towards normality is being tempered by fear of fresh outbreaks of the disease, as new coronavirus has killed at least 214,451 people since the outbreak first emerged in China in December, according to a tally compiled by AFP at 1900 GMT on Tuesday.
More than three million cases have been registered in 193 countries and territories, although the official tally is widely thought to lag far behind the actual figures.
But some countries have reported falling infection numbers, and governments have begun to chart their way out of the shutdowns.
European countries are working to find a balance in how far to ease coronavirus lockdowns, with Germany enforcing mandatory masks in all shops from Wednesday, as the crushing global economic cost of the pandemic becomes clearer.
Even a gradual return to everyday activity is “risky”, warned French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, as he unveiled plans to gradually end the lockdown starting next month.
From Wednesday in Germany, masks will be needed to enter shops, which began to open last week after the government declared its outbreak under control.
Nose and mouth coverings are already compulsory on buses, trains, and trams.
“We all need to take care that we don’t end up with more infections,” said Lothar Wieler, president of Berlin’s Robert Koch Institute.
Forecasts warn of the worst global recession in a century, with demand for goods gutted, and travel and tourism hammered.
British Airways became the latest airline to sound the alarm, saying it may have to cut its workforce by a third, while big banks are reporting deep falls in quarterly profit.
In Lebanon, there were more existential signs of economic crisis, with protesters confronting soldiers in defiance of a nationwide lockdown, complaining they could no longer feed their families.
France said Tuesday that shops, markets, and selected schools could reopen next month, with face masks required on public transport and work-from-home orders staying in place for several more weeks.
Spain said restrictions would be slowly lifted over the next two months, while Italians will be able to exercise outdoors and visit relatives from next week—but only if they wear masks and refrain from hugs and handshakes.
Italy, Spain, and France have been the worst affected countries in Europe, with each reporting more than 23,000 deaths.
In Russia, President Vladimir Putin warned that the peak of coronavirus infections still lay ahead, saying “the situation remains very difficult.”
But he nonetheless said lockdown measures could be eased from next month.
Data on infection rates have shown mixed results in Germany, which is being closely watched after allowing some shops to reopen last week.
“We all need to take care that we don’t end up with more infections,” said Lothar Wieler, president of the Robert Koch Institute for disease control.
Experts have warned of a second wave of contagion if restrictions are lifted too hastily, and the World Health Organization has said reinfection may be possible even among recovered patients.
In Nigeria’s largest city Lagos, bus driver Taju Olonade told AFP a decision to ease the lockdown showed that authorities had finally listened “to the cries of the people.”
“For almost one month I have not earned a penny,” he said. “I hope life will soon return to normal.”
The United States, which on Tuesday recorded a further 2,207 deaths in 24 hours, has seen by far the highest number of fatalities.
Trump has increasingly sought to blame China, but China pushed back fiercely on Tuesday, accusing US politicians of “barefaced lies.”
“They have only one objective: shirk their responsibility for their own poor epidemic prevention and control measures,” foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told reporters.
Beijing and Washington have clashed repeatedly over the outbreak.
It seems to be under control in China with no new deaths reported for 13 straight days and the death toll standing at 4,633—although much doubt has been cast on whether the numbers are accurate.
Anger at the global economic paralysis has intensified in recent weeks, and anti-government protesters took to the streets in Lebanon on Tuesday in defiance of a lockdown.
“I came down to raise my voice against hunger, poverty and rising prices,” Khaled, 41, told AFP, saying he had lost his job selling motorcycle parts and could no longer support his three children.
In the latest sign of big business woes, British Airways is set to slash up to 12,000 jobs, its parent company said. The carrier, which has approximately 45,000 employees, has already furloughed nearly 23,000 staff.
Despite other European countries moving towards reopening schools and shops, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said it was too early for the UK to follow suit.
That was in contrast to New Zealand, where people enjoyed fastfood and coffee shop treats for the first time in five weeks after the country lifted its strict lockdown.
“We see the difference in other countries and I don’t envy them, that’s for sure,” said Wellington resident Cheryl Robertson, who planned to celebrate her newfound freedom with a curry.
In Australia, hundreds of surfers and swimmers rushed back to the waves at Bondi Beach in Sydney, five weeks after police closed the area because of large crowds flouting social distancing rules.
“I’ve been excited for like a week,” Diane Delaurens told AFP, dripping after an early-morning surf.
However, there is not yet a vaccine for the disease and Britain issued a warning of coronavirus-related syndrome emerging in children—including abdominal pain and inflammation around the heart.
“What I would also stress is that it is rare. Although it is very significant for those children who do get it, the number of cases is small,” said Health Secretary Matt Hancock.
In Tokyo, organizers said that the postponed 2020 Olympics will have to be canceled next year if the pandemic isn’t brought under control.
In Latin America, Brazil emerged as a new hotspot with 5,000 deaths so far—more than China’s—while nine inmates were killed when rioting broke out at a prison in Lima, Peru after two inmates died from COVID-19.